In his second term as President of the United States, one of the first plans of action that President Barack Obama undertook was to signal the complete withdrawal of American troops in Afghanistan. The US troops have been present there for roughly 10 years and were mainly positioned as an aftermath of the atrocities that were committed during 9/11. Now that the main culprit of that event, Osama, has been eliminated by American soldiers and due to repeated air strikes and attacks, they have successfully reduced the terrorist threat in the country.
Now, the time has almost come for America to stick to its promise and withdraw troops from the nation. But will this prove harmful for Afghanistan? For a country that has been mired in violence ever since the Taliban got rid of the Russian invasion in the 90’s, Afghanistan has found it hard to form a stable, secure government. And even though they did make some progress under Hamid Karzai with help from foreign aid, there is still a lot of issues that the country needs to face before they are able to stabilize themselves completely.
Afghanistan, on one hand, will be able to ensure that they are able to rid themselves of the American presence on their soil once the troops withdraw from the country. This will help the country get some sort of its identity back and try to move forward with their short term goals of development and providing necessities to all their citizens whenever possible. What it does, on a positive note, is send a message to the rest of the world that after years and years of internal struggle and tragedy, here is a country that is fighting to get back on its feet and eliminate all factors that caused it to fall from grace for the best part of two decades.
The negative aspect that will remain after the troops withdraw is that the country will become vulnerable again, for a while. The Afghani Army has been victims of multiple terrorist attacks by Islamic militants in and around the state, which have caused their numbers to diminish by quite a bit. But the nation is slowly fighting back and trying to eliminate these factors with all of their might.
Another problem that could affect the country is the slow and imminent rise of ISIS in nations that are close to the borders of Afghanistan. ISIS wishes to create an Islamic caliphate and Afghanistan, with all of its militants and terrorists, most of whom broke away to form parts of ISIS and its affiliates have to be wary of the threat they carry. And once the U.S.A. leaves Afghanistan, this sort of vulnerability is not what Afghanistan requires. So only time will tell whether the American withdrawal is a boon or a bane. But for now, we can clearly see a very fragile position of issues in this part of the world.
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