Eid is a day of happiness for Muslims and they spend this joyous day with pleasure by gathering with families and friends. There are three Eids each Islamic year. One is the Eid-Ul-Fitar, which is celebrated as the day when Muslims stop fasting. It takes place on the 1st of Shawal, which is a month in the Islamic calendar and the Eid occurs for three days, providing joy to Muslims who keep celebrating the occasion for all three days. The specialty of this Eid is the provision of charity, known as Fitar, to the needy Muslims by the wealthier ones.
The second Eid is the Eid-Ul-Adha, which is celebrated on the 10th of Zil Hajj, which is also a month of the Islamic calendar. This Eid also occurs for three days and the special thing about this Eid is the animal sacrifices by Muslims. The sacrificing of an animal is compulsory for all Muslims who are financially able to buy and sacrifice an animal in the name of Almighty Allah. The meat of these animals is not kept only for those who made the sacrifice. Instead, it is divided into three fairly equal parts. The first is for the poor and needy Muslims who are unable to sacrifice for themselves. The second is for the neighbors and relatives of the Muslims who sacrificed the animal and the third is the share for those who made the sacrifice. The third Eid is Eid-Melad-UN-Nabi, which is celebrated because it is the day of birth of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). This Eid is celebrated on the 12th of Rabi-Ul-Awal, a holy month in the Islamic calendar.
Apart from the beauty of these Eids and their importance for Muslims, there is something that does not seem correct and that is controversial Eids. Different sects of Islam follow different rules and are of different opinions when it comes to making certain decisions related to Islam. So much so, that the conflict between these sects and tribes has reached matters like Eids resulting in controversy among Muslims. Although some people may believe that the matter of controversial Eids is more political than being sectarian, as the main reason that is understood of the controversial Eids is the lack of knowledge by the people who make the Eids controversial and sometimes it is just their desire to go against all the norms followed by other Muslim sects.
This matter arises when people living in the same country refuse to celebrate Eid with each other, although the Eid has to be celebrated on the sighting of the moon or the lunar calendar. In some countries like Pakistan, as much as five controversial Eids take place each year. People claim to have sighted the moon at places where even science says that it could not have been possible. The controversy of the celebration of Eids at different times has no end. It can only be prayed that Allah Almighty brings these stray elements on the straight path and all Muslims will celebrate Eids together with harmony.