“O Believers! When you prepare for prayers, wash your faces and your hands up to the elbows, and wipe your heads, and your feet to the ankles … and [if you] do not find water then betake yourselves to clean earth and wipe your faces and your hands with it.” (Al-Quran: Chapter 5, Verse 6).
Wudu is required for every Muslim they are supposed to be in a state of spiritual purification before performing the five daily obligatory prayers. Not only is Wudu important before offering Namaz (prayer), the state of purification must also be achieved before numerous other acts of worship, which include optional prayers, touching the script of the Quran and the rites of the pilgrimage (Hajj). The importance of cleanliness in Islam is paramount, Wudu allows for a believer’s body and mind to be cleaned, so they are ready for praying for Allah.
Steps in Wudu.
For any Muslim, first is foremost is the intention of the namaz, followed by the beginning of the Wudu. Wash both hands up to the wrist three times, making sure that water has reached between the fingers.
Secondly, mouth and nose need to be cleaned with water (three times). Later, a handful of water is required to sniff into nostrils three times to clean them and then wash the tip of the nose.
Thirdly, face is to be washed three times from right ear to left ear and from forehead to throat. Followed by right arm and left arm (thoroughly from wrist up to elbow three times.)
Moving on, the palms of the hand need to be wet, and they have to be touched over the head from the top of forehead to the back of the head. The wet tips of index fingers are placed at the grooves and holes of both ears and also the wet thumbs are passed behind the ears.
Finally, both feet are washed to the ankles starting from the right, all the while paying attention that the water has reached between the toes and all other parts of the feet.
At the end of the above steps, following has to be recited:
“Ash hadu an la ilaha illal lahu wah dahu la shareeka lahu wa ash hadu an-na muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasulhu”