Muslim contributions to civilization
Unlike Christianity where science and Religion are two different matters , Islam is compacted with science for all the time. A brief discussion based on the contribution of Muslims to the various sectors of science are given below:
Trigonometry (Sine, Tangent, Co-Tangent)
The Muslims implemented the functions of Sine, Tangent and Co-tangent in Trigonometry . Ibn Moosaa works on the Intregation and Equation and wrote a book named Hisaab-Al Jab-Wal Muqaabala- represented eight hundred examples in the 8th century CE. His that work was translated from Arabic into Latin . It was performed as the textbook on the subject since eight centuries.
Algebra and Geometry
Muhammad bin Moosaa Al-Khawaarizmi is considered as one of the founders of Algebra. The word ’Algorithm’ or ‘Algorizm’ came from the name of his town Khawaarizm (Kheva), which is now Uzbekistan, where he was born. He adopted the use of ‘cipher’ (zero), which was initiated some centuries earlier in India. His great jobs on number system is known as Algorithm or Algorizm. He also implemented several procedures on arithmetical operations of fractions.
Omar Khayyaam was the other great mathematicians of that day, who act a great performance on the field of Geometric and Algebraic solutions of the second degree. Naseerudden wrote a treatise on quadrilateral trigonometry which was related to plain and spherical geometry.
Muslim contributions to civilization
Physics and chemistry
The refraction of sunlight in raindrops was tested by Kamaaludddeen and he exposed an explanation of the genesis of primary and secondary rainbows. Ar-Rasheed is well known for the representation of water clock to the Emperor Charlemagne during the period of Haroon and is famous for the invention of the pendulum.
Jabir Ibn- Hayan , the famous great Muslim chemist discovered Sulphric and Nitric Acids. Jabir Ibn Hayan, the alchemist of the Middle ages is known as the father of chemistry. The full name of Jabir Ibn-Hayan was Abu Musa Jabir Ibn Hayyan, also called as Al- Harrani and Al- Sufi.
Invention of modern airplanes
One of the great Muslim scientists Ibn Fernaz Invented the construction procedure of modern airplanes in 888A.D. Ibn Firnas invented the formula of creating glass from stones and he made his house with it. He made his house as one kind of planetarium where one could watch the stars, clouds and even lighting.
Some centuries later other Muslim scientist used to develop the construction procedure for airplanes named Jawhari and Hadharin Ahmed Shalabi.
The act of implementing the science of Mechanics is outstanding. Moosaa Bin Shaakir , in his book of artifices explain about the one hundred piece of mechanical instruments. Another famous and well known Muslim treatises concluded Al-Kitaab Fi Marifat Al-Hiya Al-Handasiyyah (the Book of the knowledge of Ingenious Geometrical Contrivances) written by Abul Fiaz bin Al Raz And Al Kitaab Meezanal-Hikmah (the book of Ablance and Wisdom) written by Al-Khazini. He also performed an important role in the sector of accurate weighing and on the determination of the particular gravity of any substances.
Muslims have also shown a great performance on the field of optical science. Camera Obscura was invented by Ibn Haytham in 1038 CE.
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