Saudi Arabia, also known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is an Islamic state founded by the Saud family. The Britain’s handed over control of Hijaz in the hands of the Saud family in 1832. The Soviet Union first accepted the state of Saudi Arabia.
The Sauds are the descendents of Saud bin Muhammad bin Makran who in 1735 settled in an island and grew his family. This family was the first to take part in dissolving the Ottoman Empire
Saudi Arabia is a very important Muslim country because of its historical religious importance, the house of Allah “Kaaba” is located in this country. Also the sacred cities of Makka and Madina, shrine of the last messenger of Allah, Holy Prophet S.A.W.W, along with the shrines of progeny of Prophet S.A.W.W. are in this country. Every year, Muslims from all over the world move towards Saudi Arabia to perform their utmost religious obligation of pilgrimage. Kaaba is the center faced by the Muslims all over the world to offer their prayers five times a day, which is a sign of unity and the same direction of Muslims. Because of its religious importance, this country is respected by the Muslims round the globe
Before the discovery of oil in Saudi Arabia, the only source if income was the money collected as a result of hajj pilgrims performed by the Muslims in this country. In 1943, Saudi Arabia started developing relations with America and handed over the control of some of its ports to them; however, after the discovery of oil, Saudi Arabia gained a lot of importance all over the world.
Saudi Arabia has very good relations with Pakistan. The king of Saudi Arabia has good relations with the president of Pakistan and with the presidents of other Muslim countries. Whenever they visit Saudi Arabia for performing the obligation of Hajj, they are warmly welcomed by the kings and are treated with great respect and honor.
In early times, the rulers of Saudi Arabia tried to impose their thoughts on Muslims all over the world, they didn’t consider that Muslims have their own sectors to follow like Shia, Sunnis and others. This step taken by the ruler in 1936 created distance in the hearts of Muslims. It was only during the reign of Malik Faisal that revolutionary steps were taken by standing against America and supporting Palestine. Later, on he was killed by the support of America.
It is regretful that Saudi Arabia, despite of having extraordinary importance in the Islamic world, is not playing its role as prominently as it can. The need is to create understanding amongst the nation of KSA ,that they should be the strong supporters of Muslims and should work for their betterment and prosperity.
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