1. Surely We have given you Kausar,
2. Therefore pray to your Lord and make a sacrifice.
3. Surely your enemy is the one who shall be without posterity.
Surah Kausar sums up the doctrine of spiritual riches through devotion and sacrifice. The opposite are follows: indulgence in hatred means the cutting off of all hopes in this life and Hereafter. The Surah is addressed first to the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) and through him to every believer.
At the time of revelation of this Surah, the enemies thought that
Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon Him) had been completely ruined. He was cut off from the community and had become utterly helpless as his male children, who would carry on his name, were dead and the message he had presented was accepted by only a few people.
At this Allah said:
“To thee have we granted the Fount (of abundance).”
The fountain is the abundant bounty granted to Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) of all that is good in the spiritual sense like prophet hood and revelation, grace and knowledge, truth and wisdom, mercy and goodness, spiritual power and insight. This also includes a river or fountain in heaven of this name which will be granted to the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) on the Day of Judgment and out of which the righteous will drink water.
With the reference to the believers, Kausar signifies the ability to acquire knowledge, to do good work, to be kind to all beings and thus, to attain inner peace and dignity.
He, who grants these blessings is Allah and therefore, we must turn to Him in adoration and thanksgiving and offer sacrifice for sake alone and this command was given when worship of gods and goddesses was common.
The Quran says:
“Say: Truly my prayer and my service of sacrifice, my life and my death are (all) for Allah, the Cherisher of the worlds.” (6: 162)
The ‘sacrifice’ is symbolic. Behind it is a deep spiritual meaning: the slaughtered meat feeds the poor and slaughter is a symbol of self-sacrifice in our hearts as the Quran says:
“It is not their meet nor their blood, that reaches Allah: it is your piety that reaches Him……..” (22 : 37)
Lastly, there is a curse for non-fulfillment of hopes and evil designs for the opponents of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) for all times to come.
Hatred and spite are not constructive contributions to the work of this world, but its opposite. The enemies of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) vented their hatred and spite against him by taunting him with the loss of his two infants sons by Hazrat Khadija, calling him abtar, i.e. one who is cut off. A few years later however these enemies of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) were themselves cut off from the hope in this world and the next. Millions of Muslims all over the world follow and obey the teaching of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him). Besides this, his generation also carried on through his daughter, Hazrat Fatima.