Valley of Khyber is located near Medina. It is the valley full of flowers and dates. It was located 96 miles far away from Medina. It was the first ever Ghazwa in Islamic history in which Muslim do jihad after announcing, and a large number of Jews were killed and break the backbone of Jews. Mohammad (SAWW) gave religious independence to every tribe of Jews and every member of Mesaak E Medina.
Khyber is a central point of Jews where they built many strong castles; nine is the figure regarding number of castles. Some famous castles names are Salalim, Al-Qamos, Al-Wateh, Naham, Zubair and nataat. Al-Qamors is famous because of its power and strength and strongest of all castles. Protection of this castle was under a wrestler known as Marhab. Some of the people of Banu Nazeer Tribe also lived in Khyber along with Jews. Their three leaders were succeeded in establishing their leadership. Hai bin Aktab was the leader who made problems in way of Prophet (SAWW) until he was murdered in Gazwa Bnu Kareza. Jews of Khyber mixed up with FADAK Jews, they also persuaded Ghatafan tribe to join them. On the other hand Prophet’s (SAWW) army was not so strong to face upcoming battle. When the battle begins Muslims prevent Ghatafan allies. Some mysterious voice came towards Ghatafan and warned about the danger. So they return to their homes and Muslims succeeded.
Muslims set out for the battle of Khyber at Muharram 7 in 628 AH. Strength of Muslims army was approximately 1400 to 1800 & 100 to 200 horses. Muslim women also took part in battle, to take care of wounded persons. While people from Khyber were 10,000 in strength but this gave advantage to Muslims. Because it made Khybarian overconfident so, it gave a chance to Muslims to quietly march towards Khyber and surprisingly capture the city. The Prophet (SAWW) conquers each house with relative ease, weapons, food and land. There is a bloody skirmish in front one of the fortresses. Jews not Muslims were prepared and suffered lack of provisions. Jews were overconfident and failed because of fewer water supplies. Muslims got hungry so they slaughter some asses. At the point where scarcity leaves no option then meat of mule, ass and horse could be eaten but not in normal life, they are forbidden.
Several tries done by Muslims to capture citadel but failed every time, even Abu Bakar R.A and Umar Farooq R.A also tried but failed. Then Prophet (SAWW) called Ali R.A and gave him banner. Ali R.A set out toward citadel and meet enemy Marhab on the gate. In second blow Ali R.A split his head into pieces. After that Muslims pass through citadel and fought final threshold.
The Jews met Mohammad (SAWW) to discuss terms of surrender. Jews surrendered to Muslims and Mohammad (SAWW) agreed on these conditions. Jews evacuate area and surrender wealth. Victory of Khyber raised the status of Mohammad (SAWW) in His followers and in local tribes. Many people converted to Islam. Captured wealth and, booty and weapons strengthened Muslims and just after 18 months of Khyber Muslims conquered Mecca.