Islam is a religion of love to humanity. Every teaching of Islam and every religious practice practiced by Muslims reflects the spirit that is to bring well-being in the whole world by either spreading the religion or by implementing the Islamic laws. There are total five basic Islamic practices made obligatory for all the Muslims.
The first and foremost obligation of every Muslim is to observe Salah. The teachings of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) tell us that a Muslim child older than seven years in age has to offer the prayer. For men, it is compulsory to offer prayers in the mosque rather than in home. Five times a day Muslims gather in mosques to offer their prayers together. The mosque also serves as a community center. Amongst other Islamic practices, Salah is the most important one. A Muslim will be questioned about his Salah before any other question after his death. The second obligatory practice is fasting. It is compulsory on every Muslim who enjoys a good health to take fast in the month of Ramadan. Fasting in Ramadan is compulsory whereas fasting in the rest of the year is optional. By fasting, a person learns to live a life without doing bad deeds. From dawn till dusk being in the condition where one tries his best to refrain from sins, he practices and gradually becomes a good practical Muslim. A person can leave a fast in case he is traveling or having a bad health. But it is mandatory for him to substitute that left fast some other time when he is fit.
The third obligation for Muslims is Zakat or charity. Muslims are bound to give away 2.5% of their wealth and valuable like gold and silver to the deserving Muslims. It is mandatory for wealthy and self-sufficient Muslims to treat their Muslim brothers with care and to make sure that their needs are met. Zakat brings the rich and poor closer to each other, increases the love and the bond. It balances the society in terms of social status and class. The fourth one amongst the five basic Islamic practices is Haj. Muslims from all around the world go to Haj each year. Millions of Muslims gather in Medina and depict the strength of Islam in the world. It is considered great fortune by Muslims in being able to go to the Nabwi Mosque and to observe Haj. There remains no difference between a black person and a white, a rich man and a poor one because all are dressed alike and all of them are there for the same purpose. The fifth obligation is Jihad. Jihad means to fight against one’s own desires and to fight against the elements which are anti to Islam. It is mandatory for Muslims to fight against the forces which attempt to capture a Muslim state or to harm Muslims. All the Islamic practices lead to the betterment of the world in both social and economic matters thus it is important for Muslims to observe these obligations themselves as well as to teach others.