Arabic language emerged as a major world language with the rise of Islam as a major and prominent religion in the world. Before Islam Arabic was spoken by a small community of nomadic tribes of the Arabian Peninsula and was a tiny portion of the Semitic language’s southern branch. After the arrival of Islam and within the first century after the death of Prophet Mohammad, Arabic had become the central language of the Islamic Empire that was stretching from Central Asia to the Atlantic Ocean and northern Europe. Having approximately 186 million native speakers, Arabic is currently ranked at sixth among the world’s league table of languages. One of the reasons of it’s widely use all over the world is because Arabic is the language of the Quran which is the Holy book studied by Muslims all over the world.
There are many various dialects of the Arabic language. As the first revelations of Islam where in Mecca, therefore the language of the Quran has the Classical Arabic dialect of Mecca. The refined and more developed form of this dialect which is now used in newspapers, books, radio, television and other purposes among the educated Arabs is known as Modern Standard Arabic. Local dialects are quite different from each other and have difference in the pronunciation as well. The person speaking one dialect might not be able to understand the other dialect. It has many various dialects depending on regional existence so if one wants to master any dialect it is suggested to stay in the region with the desired dialect for a couple of years where everything would be said, heard and written in tat particular dialect and one can easily get used to it and practice with time.
The major dialects of Arabic include the following:
- Egyptian Arabic
- Maghrebi Arabic
- Gulf Arabic
- Mesopotamian Arabic
- Levantine Arabic
Modern standard Arabic varies from the accent aspect through various regions and countries. Never the less it is a unitary language yet it has distinguished characteristics in different countries and regions. One thing that unites the language accent all over the world is Quran. As the central language of Islam and also the language of Quran, Muslims all over the world recite Quran, offer their prayers and pray before God in the Classical Arab dialect. Despite of the fact that most Muslims outside the Arabic countries are not familiar with Arabic, yet they are able to read the Holy Quran and offer prayers without any difficulty because they are taught the Quran and prayer terms from the initial stage of their childhood. This allows them to easily adopt the least rules and accent of the Arabic Language that helps them to read Quran and recite verses without any mistake. The language is a bit complex and deep due to which even a minor difference in the pronunciation and typing can change the entire meaning of the word or the phrase. Due to this very reason, Muslims take it very seriously to teach their children from the very beginning so that they do not make mistakes while recitation of the Holy Quran.